Question: Is It Good to Chant Hare Krishna Without Beads?
If I chant the Hare Krishna mahamantra, just like Caitanya Mahaprabhu did without japa beads, is that good?
Answer: Yes, But For Perfection Good is Not Good Enough.
Of course, any chanting is good, with beads or without beads. But if one wants to attain the full benefit of chanting, good is not good enough. You must become perfect in chanting. Therefore chanting with beads is required.
You have somehow misunderstood that Caitanya Mahaprabhu did not chant Hare Krishna on beads. This is not a fact. Lord Caitanya did chant the Hare Krishna mantra on beads. Also, the great acharyas chanted Hare Krishna on beads. And Srila Prabhupada ordered his followers to chant at least 16 rounds daily of the Hare Krishna mahamantra on beads.
So why would you want to chant without beads when God Himself as well the great acharyas chanted on beads? The sastras declare that we are meant to follow in the footsteps of the great saintly teachers. Therefore if you want the achieve the perfection of chanting Hare Krishna, you should also chant on japa beads at least 16 rounds daily. Chanting on the japa beads is especially recommended because it makes the chanting more powerful and more effective. And in this age of Kali we need all the help we can get for becoming successful spiritually.